What is Dental Biofilm and What Problems Does It Cause?

Oral Biofilm is what is popularly known as Dental Plaque or Bacterial Plaquealthough these terms are now in disuse and are considered less appropriate.

Beyond the name, the important thing is to know about its existence and what problems or diseases it can cause in our health mouth if we do not control it.

What is Dental Plaque or Dental Biofilm?

Bacterial Plaque is a film composed of a combination of saliva and microorganisms that constantly forms in the mouth. and adheres to the different areas of the oral cavity: Teeth, Gums, Tongue, etc...

This sticky layer that is present in every mouthThe water is a whitish or yellowish tone that is not very noticeable to the naked eye and is not harmful on its own. The combination with food remains and its accumulation generates the proliferation of different bacteria and acids, which can cause various oral health problems.

What problems does Plaque Bacteria cause?

Although Oral Biofilm has the function of protecting our teeth, it is harmful if we do not control it properly. The best way to prevent plaque buildup and avoid these problems is by maintaining proper oral hygiene.

Supragingival plaque derivatives

Supragingival plaque is the plaque that accumulates on the tooth surface and is usually associated with two problems:

  • CariesThe combination of Oral Biofilm with food debris generates acids that attack enamel of our teeth causing dental caries.
  • TartarAlthough the layer formed by the oral biofilm is soft, with the passage of time and its accumulation it mineralizes generating solid deposits that adhere strongly to the enamel.

Subgingival plaque derivatives

Subgingival plaque is the plaque that is deposited in the gingival sulcus, between the tooth and the gumsand is often associated with these problems:

  • HalitosisDental plaque buildup also can cause bad breath depending on our diet and the bacteria that are generated.
  • GingivitisIf we don't avoid the bacterial growth in the biofilm, these can damage the health of our gums causing periodontal diseases such as gingivitis or periodontitis.

How to avoid its accumulation and reduce the risk of disease?

The best way to prevent plaque buildup is to keep a few days a week to prevent plaque buildup. good eating and oral hygiene habits. To perform an effective and complete oral cleaning is recommended:

  • Brush your teeth properly.
  • Complete brushing with dental floss, interdental brushes or a oral irrigator.
  • Tongue cleaning at least once a day.
  • Use mouthwash

No matter how complete and effective our daily hygiene is, it is impossible to reach all areas of the oral cavity at home. That is why it is convenient to check-ups at the dentist to locate possible deposits that form over time in areas that are difficult to access.

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