White spots on the teeth are quite common and can be observed in the following cases in both adults and children. These are stains that can be found on one or more teeth and in different areas of them.
Related Content: Tooth Stains
In today's article we clarify the usual doubts about this problem, covering from the different causes that provoke them to the possible solutions.
Why Do White Spots Appear on Teeth? Possible Causes
There are 2 main causes that originate themwhich we show you below:
Odontocia or decalcification
This problem refers to a significant reduction of the calcium reserve that we humans have in our body, which obviously affects the hard tissues of the body, including the teeth.
In the case of the teeth, this lack of calcium causes the teeth to weaken and are at the mercy of the acids in the mouth and bacteria. that are present in the Oral Biofilm. The above elements are combined to attack the tooth and destroy the natural enamel that covers them.This causes the appearance of the annoying white spots.
But what is even more troubling is that these white spots often herald the onset of tooth decayThis risk is intensified if the person brushes roughly, which contributes to damaging the enamel, or if he or she has neglected oral hygiene.
When this problem appears, it usually does so by where there is more accumulation of bacterial plaqueThe tooth is located at the root of the tooth or in the grooves at the base of the tooth.
When you discover them, the recommendation is go to the dentist immediately to stay one step ahead of future tooth decay and stop the problem in time.
Hypoplasias are those that appear due to a mineral deficiency during their training or by the foreign abuse like fluoride.
The most common type of hypoplasia is suffered from infants after they have lost their baby teeth. Sometimes, when the new piece appears, it is possible that along with it come the stains.
This occurs because during the formation of the dental piece there was no adequate mineralizationThis directly affected the correct formation of the enamel, causing it to be smaller in comparison with a tooth that was formed normally.
The main reasons for demineralization to occur during tooth formation are: malnutrition, strokes, severe infections or high fevers.
The other type of hypoplasia is the caused by fluorosis which refers to an excess in fluoride consumption through the application of toothpastesmouthwashes or fluoridated waters. The abuse of these substances that are indicated to prevent cavities can be counterproductive, as it makes the tooth itself can not absorb fluoride and therefore saturated, creating deposits that favor the appearance of white spots.
How to Remove White Stains on Teeth?
There are several options, more or less effectiveaccording to the causes that produce it:
This treatment is very recommended in case of hypoplasiaThey are usually located in one or a few teeth. The procedure consists of remove the first layers of affected tooth enamel and replace it with resinThe problem can be solved completely or significantly improved.
In the event that the problem is more severe and in several teeth, which can occur both by decalcification and hypoplasias, you can resort to dental veneers which are fine porcelain prostheses that are delicately fixed on the tooth surface to improve their appearance, hiding the white spots.
Tooth whitening is an option for treating hypoplasia, as it although it does not eliminate them completely, it does disguise them to a great extent. providing a better dental appearance.
This procedure should always be carried out under the supervision of a professional and we should not resort to home methods of dubious effectiveness that can even harm our oral health.
Hypoplasias, sometimes, can be treated with appropriate doses of topical fluoride.. It is applied to the teeth (creams, rinses) in order to help develop weakened tooth enamel. Responsibility in the application of fluoride is recommended.
How to prevent them?
White spots can be prevented and for this you must follow the following recommendations:
- To prevent these stains from appearing due to decalcification adequate calcium intake is important to keep not only your teeth in optimal condition but the rest of the hard tissues of the body.
- A dental hygiene adequate and regular visits to the dentist also help to keep the tooth enamel in perfect condition and thus prevent those caused by decalcification that lead to tooth decay. It is especially important if you have orthodontics, which increases the risk of plaque accumulation.
- Ensure a balanced diet rich in nutrients and minerals that help the correct formation of the teeth and their enamel to prevent white stains due to hypoplasia.
- Avoid smoking and reduce your intake of alcoholic beverages.to avoid any kind of stains on the teeth.
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