Tooth stains are a very common problem that can lead to tooth decay. can have its origin in different causes. Depending on the origin of the same, it can be simply an aesthetic issue or the a reflection of some type of health problem.
In this article you will discover that type of dental stains There are, why each of them occurs and what are the possible solutions.
Types of Tooth Stains by Origin
The spots are mainly classified into two typesalthough within each one there may be differences according to the colour and the reasons that have caused them. Let's see what they are and then we will see in more detail the possible causes, how to prevent them and the treatments for each one..
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As the name suggests, usually appear on the surface of the teeth or between the teeth.. These stains, usually white or dark brownare the most common and usually appear for poor eating habits and/or poor dental hygiene. This type of stain responds well to regular teeth cleaning and brushing with whitening toothpaste.
Intrinsic stains are part of the structure of the teeth and are the least common. They can also be found in various shadeswhite, white, brown or even grey. They are formed from inside the tooth on the surface of the enamel and usually appear in the form of lines. The excessive fluoride use has also been associated with this type of problem, especially in children.
Causes of Dental Stains
As we mentioned at the beginning, there are several causes that can lead to the appearance of stains on the teeth:
1.- Incomplete Oral Hygiene
As in many others oral problemsthe poor oral hygienealone, or in combination with other factors, is the main cause of the appearance of stains on the teeth.
2.- Eating habits
If your teeth are stained yellow, it may be due to foods that cause staining or contain acids that affect the enamel. Rinsing your mouth with water after consuming these substances will help minimize the damage caused:
- Coffee and tea
- Red wine
- Tomato sauces
- Soy sauce
- Balsamic vinegar
- Carbonated beverages
- Citrus fruits and juices
- Sports drinks
- Sugary foods
- Artificial sweeteners
- White wine and other alcoholic beverages.
Smoking causes your teeth to turn yellow or even blackish due to tar, nicotine and other chemicals in the smoke. These seep into the pores of tooth enamel, fouling its natural color. A 2005 study found that the 28% of smokers had moderate to severe levels of tooth discoloration.compared to 15% for non-smokers.
It is natural for teeth to become yellows as you get older. This is because the protective layer of enamel becomes thinner, showing more of the yellow dentin underneath.
5.- Genetic reasons
Genetic variations can affect tooth color and enamel porosityand more porous enamel is more prone to staining. If you've had yellow teeth all your life, your parents may be to blame.
Some antibiotics such as tetracycline and amoxicillin can affect the color of teeth, especially in young children. The medicines prescribed to adults for allergies and high blood pressure may also have this side effect. Patients who undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy cancer patients may also find that their teeth take on a brownish hue.
Certain diseases, particularly those that affect the liver, can result in discolored teeth.
8.- Blows or Bruxism
For example, the damage caused by a fall can disrupt enamel formation in young children whose teeth are still developing. Likewise, trauma to the can also cause discoloration of adult teeth. Like the blows, the teeth grinding may cause alterations resulting in discoloration or staining of the teeth.
How to Remove Stains on Teeth
Treatment options for removing stains and whitening your teeth vary depending on the cause of the discoloration and may include:
Home Teeth Whitening
Among the home treatments for teeth whitening we can find:
1.- Whitening Toothpaste
In the market there are toothpastes with bleaching agents that help reduce dental stains. The efficacy of these products is disputedalthough it is a method that we can try in our own home at mild cases.
2.- Waterpik Dental Irrigator
The leading company in oral hygiene has recently released oral irrigators incorporating a whitening agent to recover the brightness of our teeth. According to the brand you get teeth a 25% whiter than with traditional brushing methods.
Find out here: Waterpik Dental Irrigator
3.- Home whitening treatment
In the market we can also find different treatments starting with bleaching substances or even with the use of light, which can be used to. Before using any of these methods we recommend that you inform yourself well, as sometimes the remedy can be worse than the disease.
Given the current obsession with a perfect smile, many companies are taking advantage of it by bringing to the market products of dubious effectiveness and with possible adverse effects. These are the most valued by users:
4.- Other Home Remedies
On the internet we can find a lot of articles with supposedly home remedies effective against dental stains. At Irrigadordental.pro we always advise you consult with your dentist about these treatmentsas they could be harmful to the enamel, gums or other parts of the oral cavity. The best known home remedies that we refer to are:
- Baking Soda Brushing
- Using Hydrogen Peroxide or hydrogen peroxide
- Using Apple Cider Vinegar
- Activated Charcoal
- Kaolin clay
- Fruit peels
It is the quickest and easiest method to remove the stains produced by the accumulation of dental plaque which has resulted in tartar. It is a procedure of mechanical scraping normally performed by a dental hygienist.
The professional teeth whitening is based on the action of a chemical agentusually combined with photoactivationwhich allows to obtain whiter shades of the teeth. This aesthetic treatment results in quite effective and safe, as long as it is done correctly.
There are cases in which stains cannot be removed and we will have to opt for veneers. Dental veneers are nothing more than porcelain or resin pieces that are placed on top of the dental piecehiding the stains or defects of the tooth.
How to Prevent Dental Stains
Not all dental stains can be avoidedbut once again, it is of vital importance to the correct oral hygiene and our eating habits to prevent the most common ones.
It is essential use the toothbrush daily correctly and complement it with the use of dental floss or oral irrigator. It is also advisable to reduce consumption of harmful foods or substancesas well as to carry out a mouthwash with water after consumption.
In addition, as a preventive method against this and other problems, it is recommended to go to the dentist to make revisions at least every six months.
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